Image Credits

[In progress]

Figure 1.1: “Steve Jobs.” (2011) CC by 2.0. Image retrieved from: https://www.flickr.com/photos/8010717@N02/6216457030
1.2 Business Stakeholders
1.3 PESTEL

2.1 Circular Flow…
2.2 Economic Spectrum
2.3 Demand Curve
2.4 Supply Curve
2.5 Equilibrium Price
2.6 “The U.S. Unemployment Rate, 1970-2014.” Data source: Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved from: http://data.bls.gov/timeseries/LNS14000000.
2.7 “The U.S. Inflation Rate, 1960-2014.” Data source: The World Bank. Retrieved from: http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/FP.CPI.TOTL.ZG.
2.8 “Selected CPI Values, 1950-2014.” Data source: U.S. Infaltion Calculator. Retrieved from: http://www.usinflationcalculator.com/inflation/consumer-price-index-and-annual-percent-changes-from-1913-to-2008/.
2.9 “The National Debt, 1940-2014.” Data Source: Treasury Direct. Retrieved from: https://www.treasurydirect.gov/govt/reports/pd/histdebt/histdebt.htm.

3.1 “Bernie Madoff’s Mug Shot.” U.S. Department of Justice, public domain. Retrieved from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Madoff#/media/File:BernardMadoff.jpg
3.2 Kevin McShane – The Receipt For My New Socks Is Longer Than My New Socks – CC BY-NC 2.0.
3.3 How to face an Ethical Dilemma
3.4 How to avoid an ethical lapse
3.5 how to maintain…
3.6 Corporate Citizen
3.7 Workplace deaths
3.8 Workplace industry
3.9 State Library Victoria Collection – Men wearing gas masks and protective clothing – CC BY-NC 2.0.
3.10 median earnings
3.11 Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey.
3.12 Steven Depolo – Bottled Water Macros December 02, 20106 – CC BY 2.0.
3.13 stages of…

4.1 Dismas (2010).Ben Cohen and Jerry Greenfield in 2010.” CC by SA 3.0Retrieved from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ben_%26_Jerry%27s – /media/File:Ben_and_Jerry.jpg.
4.2 “Types of U.S. Businesses.” Data source: “Number of Tax Returns, Receipts, and Net Income by Type of Business.” Census.gov. Retrieved from: https://www.census.gov/prod/2011pubs/12statab/business.pdf

5.1 Mark Zuckerberg – Wikimedia Commons – CC BY 2.0.
5.2 Thomas Berg – Baker – CC BY-SA 2.0.
5.3 Figure 5.3: Businesses Owned by Women and Minorities. Source: Data obtained from http://www.census.gov/econ/sbo/#PR
5.4 AuthenticEccentric – Gift Store Retailing – CC BY 2.0.
5.5 small busnesses…
5.6
5.7 Wikimedia Commons – CC BY 3.0.
5.8 growth

6.1 Ben Kraal – Essential Note-taking Materials – CC BY-NC-ND 2.0.
6.2 managerial
6.3 role of planning
6.4 Neon Beer Signs For Sale – Harley Davidson Bar and Shield Neon Sign Light – CC BY-NC-ND 2.0.
6.5 levels of management
6.6 Phil Dowsing Creative – customer services shoot – CC BY-NC-ND 2.0.
6.7 organizational chart
6.8 org chart 2
6.9 org chat 3
6.10 org chart 4
6.11 Maryland GovPics – Governor is Interviewed by Gus Prager – CC BY 2.0.
6.12 5 step
6.13 Matt Biddulph – Papercamp schedule – CC BY-SA 2.0.
6.14 problem solve

7.1 Richard Eriksson – Starbucks Chairman Howard Schultz Talks to the Media – CC BY 2.0.
7.2 how to forecast
7.3 Alan Cleaver – Interview – CC BY 2.0.
7.4 maslow’s hierarchy
7.5 ICMA Photos = Employee Meeting 5 – CC BY-SA 2.0.
7.6 herzberg’s
7.7 vroom’s
7.8 job enlargement
7.9 performance appraisal
7.10 Becky Wetherington – 31/365 – CC BY 2.0.
7.11 union density
7.12 Wikimedia Commons – GNU Free.

8.1 team do
8.2 Teamwork and team spirit – CC BY-ND 2.0.
8.3 sources of frustration
8.4 Pixabay – CC0 Public Domain.
8.5 Adrian Black – Motorola V3i Open – CC BY-NC 2.0.
8.6 req’d skills
8.7 communication flows
8.8 channels of communication
8.9 Artotem – IHOP Cell Phone Meal Family – CC BY 2.0.
8.10 functional barriers to communication
8.11 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center – Earth Day Presentation – CC BY 2.0.

9.1 WowWee – Robosapien v2 – CC BY-ND 2.0.
9.17 buying process
9.2 marketing concept
9.3 marketing strategy
9.4 Classic Film – 1970 Beauty Ad, Cover Girl Makeup, with Ingenue Actress – CC BY-NC 2.0.0
9.5 marketing mix
9.6 eviied – fluoxetine 40 mg – CC BY-NC-ND 2.0.
9.7 Hiro – Kokoro☆Photo – IMG_2545 – CC BY-NC-ND 2.0.
9.8 distribution channels
9.9 intermediary
9.10 raymondclarkeimages – Kenworth – CC BY-NC 2.0.
9.11 supply chain
9.12 Manchester City Library – Customer Service on Day 357 – CC BY-SA 2.0.
9.13 Mark Nicolson – Lego house – CC BY 2.0.
9.14 product lifecycle
9.15 marketing environment
9.16 Sergio Carrasco – Tecnologia Obsoleta – CC BY-SA 2.0.

10.1 Mike Mozart – Peeps – CC BY 2.0.
10.2 sales from new
10.3 Kevin – bic – CC BY-NC-ND 2.0.
10.4 when is an idea a business opportunity
10.5 when to develop
10.6 product development

11.1 transformation process
11.2 Dawn Endico – Dealer Prep – CC BY-SA 2.0.
11.3 process layout
11.4 product layout 2
11.5 cellular layout
11.6 David K – lasagna – CC BY-SA 2.0.
11.7 gantt chart
11.8 pert
11.9 Mike Mozart – Walmart – CC BY 2.0.
11.10 Mike Mozart – ”Burger King” “Burger King Size” – CC BY 2.0.
11.11 Laurie – Walmart on Black Friday 2009 – CC BY-NC-ND 2.0.

12.1 (Credit: Matt Madd /flickr / Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0))
12.2 (Credit: P K /Flickr/ Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0))–cropped
12.3 (Attribution: Copyright Rice University, OpenStax, under CC BY 4.0 license.)
12.4 (Attribution: Copyright Rice University, OpenStax, under CC BY 4.0 license.)
12.5 (Attribution: Copyright Rice University, OpenStax, under CC BY 4.0 license.)
12.6 (Credit: Marc Smith/ Flickr/ Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0))
12.7 (Credit: Mike Mozart/ Flickr/ Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0))
12.8 (Credit: Mike Mozart/ Flickr/ Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0))

13.1 Colin – DSC02066 – CC BY-SA 2.0; Pictures of Money – Piggy Bank – CC BY 2.0; Linus Bohman – Keys. – CC BY 2.0; Vicki – Sold it – CC BY-NC-ND 2.0.
13.2 frankieleon – won’t hurt you no more – CC BY 2.0.
13.3 reducible expenses
13.4 financial life cycle
13.5 fastest growing jobs
13.6 Yaniv Yaakubovich – Trying my suite before the interview – CC BY-ND 2.0.
13.7 net worth statement
13.8 cash flow statement
13.9 joe’s budget
13.10 three-level goals
13.11 us savings rate
13.12 semi-table
13.13 Taber Andrew Bain – Foreclosure – CC BY 2.0.
13.13 debt-income ration

14.1 information needs and flow
14.2 erp
14.3 data mining process
14.4 zhouxuan12345678 – Caesar’s Palace, Las Vegas – CC BY-SA 2.0.
14.5 transaction processing
14.6 decision support system
14.7 local area network
14,8 google
14.9 how an extranet works
14.10 electronic data…
14.11 how cookies work

15.1 parties to a contract
15.2 stages in a civil
15.3 Valentina Powers – Crib – CC BY 2.0.
15.4 negligance
15.5 agency relationship
15.6 remedies
15.7 waferboard – field of dreams – CC BY 2.0.
15.8 contract game
15.9 administrative agencies
15.10 administrative rulemake procedure

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Foundations of Business by Manika Avasthi is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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